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39 candidates have serious criminal cases in MP

The Madhya Pradesh Election Watch and Association for Democratic Reforms (ADR) have analysed the self-sworn affidavits of all 355 candidates, who are contesting in the Madhya Pradesh Assembly Bye-election to be held in following 28 constituencies on 03rd November, 2020.

The full reports in English and Hindi can be accessed on our website here: https://adrindia.org/content/madhya-pradesh-legislative-assembly-bye-election-03rd-november-2020-analysis-criminal

 Summary and Highlights

Criminal Background

  •   Candidates with Criminal Cases: Out of 355 candidates analyzed63 (18%) candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves.
  •   Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases: 39(11%) have declared serious criminal cases against themselves.

Figure: Party Wise Candidates with Criminal Cases

  • Party wise Candidates with Criminal Cases:  Among the major parties, 14(50%) out of 28 candidates analysed from INC, 12(43%) out of 28 candidates analysed from BJP, 8 (29%) out of 28 candidates analysed from BSP, 4 (29%) out of 14 candidates analysed from SP and 16 (9%) out of 178 Independent candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
  • Party wise Candidates with Serious Criminal Cases Among the major parties, 6(21%) out of 28 candidates analysed from INC, 8(29%) out of 28 candidates analysed from BJP, 3 (11%) out of 28 candidates analysed from BSP, 4 (29%) out of 14 candidates analysed from SP and 13 (7%) out of 178 Independent candidates have declared serious criminal cases against themselves in their affidavits.
  • Candidates with declared cases related to murder: 1 candidate has declared case related to murder (IPC Section-302) against himself.
  • Candidates with declared cases related to attempt to murder: candidates have declared cases related to Attempt to murder (IPC Section-307) against themselves.
  • Red Alert Constituencies*: 10 (36%) out of 28 constituencies are Red alert constituencies. Red alert constituencies are those where 3 or more contesting candidates have declared criminal cases against themselves.
  • The directions of the Supreme Court have had no effect on the political parties in selection of candidates as they have again followed their old practice of giving tickets to around 18% candidates with criminal cases. All major parties contesting in Madhya Pradesh bye elections have given tickets to 25 % to 50% candidates who have declared criminal cases against themselves. The Supreme Court in its directions dated 13th February, 2020 had specifically instructed political parties to give reasons for such selection and why other individuals without criminal antecedents could not be selected as candidates. As per these mandatory guidelines, the reasons for such selection has to be with reference to qualifications, achievements and merit of the candidate concerned. Therefore, such unfounded and baseless reasons given by political parties like popularity of the person, does good social work, cases are politically motivated etc are not sound and cogent reasons for fielding candidates with tainted backgrounds. This data clearly shows that political parties have no interest in reforming the electoral system and our democracy will continue to suffer at the hands of lawbreakers who become lawmakers.

Financial Background

Figure: Share of Wealth among the Contesting Candidates

  • Share of wealth among candidates: The share of wealth amongst the candidates contesting in the Madhya Pradesh assembly bye elections 2020 is as follows:
Value of assets (Rs.) Number of candidates Percentage of Candidates
5 cr and above 15 4%
2 crores to 5 crores 25 7%
50 lakhs to 2 crores 77 22%
10 lakhs to 50 lakhs 100 28%
less than 10 lakhs 138 39%

                                                                                                                         Table: Share of wealth amongst contesting candidates

  • Crorepati Candidates: Out of the 355 candidates, 80(23%) are crorepatis. 
  • Party wise Crorepati Candidates: Among the major parties 23(82%) out of 28 candidates analysed from BJP, 22(79%) out of 28 candidates analysed from INC, 13(46%) out of 28 candidates analysed from BSP, 2(14%) out of 14 candidates analysed from SP and 14 (8%) out of 178 Independent candidates have declared assets worth more than Rs. 1 crore.

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