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World Covid Meter 27th July- INDIA Number 3, 213 Countries

Cases:1M: April 2, 2 M April 15, 3 M: April 27, 4 M May 8; 5 M 20 May, 6 M 30th May, 7 M 7th June, 8M by 15 June, 9 M 22nd June, 10 M 29th June. 11 M 4th July

Ground Zero: Wuhan in live animal market or cafeteria for animal pathogens: 10th January; Total cases are based on RT PCR, 67% sensitivity

India race with Brazil

Coronavirus Cases: 16,412,794

Deaths: 652,039

Recovered: 10,042,362

ACTIVE CASES 5,718,393

Currently Infected Patients 5,652,148 (99%) in Mild Condition

66,245 (1%) Serious or Critical

CLOSED CASES 10,694,401

Cases which had an outcome: 10,042,362 (94%) Recovered / Discharged

652,039 (6%) Deaths

# Country,
Other
Total
Cases
New
Cases
Total
Deaths
New
Deaths
Total
Recovered
Active
Cases
Serious,
Critical
Tot Cases/
1M pop
Deaths/
1M pop
Total
Tests
Tests/
1M pop
Population
World 16,405,543 +216,340 651,678 +4,104 10,037,788 5,716,077 66,244 2,105 83.6
1 USA 4,371,839 +56,130 149,849 +451 2,090,129 2,131,861 18,986 13,202 453 54,219,575 163,736 331,139,904
2 Brazil 2,419,901 +23,467 87,052 +556 1,634,274 698,575 8,318 11,379 409 4,911,063 23,093 212,665,350
3 India 1,436,019 +50,525 32,812 +716 918,735 484,472 8,944 1,040 24 16,291,331 11,797 1,380,937,553

 

Doubling Time 21 days

Date Daily new cases New Deaths Total cases Total Deaths
26th June 50525 716 1436019 32814
25th July 48472 690 138494 32096
24th July 48892 761 1337022 31406
23rd July 48446 755 1288130 30645
22nd July 45599 1120 1239684 29890
21st July 39168 671 1194085 28770
20th July 36810 596 1154917 28099
19th July 40243 675 1118107 27503
17th July 37407 543 1077864 26828
16th July 34820 676 1040457 26285
15th July 35468 680 1005637 25609
14th July 32682 614 970169 24929
13th July 28179 540 907645 23727
12th July 29108 500 879446 23187
11th July 27755 543 850358 22687
10th July 27761 521 822603 22144
9th July 25790 479 794842 21623
8th July 25571 491 769052 21444
7th July 23135 479 743481 20653
6th July 22510 474 720346 20174
5th July 23932 421 697836 19700
4th July 24015 610 673904 19279

 

India predictions

  1. Death Rate is deaths today vs number of cases today
  2. Corrected Death Rate is deaths today vs number of cases 14 days back
  3. For one symptomatic test positive case there are 10-30 asymptomatic cases and 20 untested cases
  4. Estimated Number of deaths = Reported deaths x 2
  5. Number of deaths today should be 15% of the serious patients present 14 days back
  6.  Undocumented cases for each documented case [Iceland: 1: 2; German: 1: 5; New York City grocery store shoppers: 1: 10; California 1.5%]
  7. Amongst active 2.37% are serious, 1.82% need oxygen, and 0.41% need ventilator support.

Facts

  1. India: In states with average population density of 1185 /sk km the average number of cases were 2048. On the contrary in states with population density of 909/ sk km the number of cases were 56. (When Chandigarh and Pondicherry were taken out from this group) the Average Density of other states were 217 and the average number of cases were 35 [HCFI]
  2. COVID Sutras: It’s a COVID-19 Pandemic due to SARS 2 Beta Corona Viruses (different from SARS 1 where spread was only in serious cases); with over eleven virus sequences floating; has affected up to 22.8% of Delhi population, Causes Mild or Atypical Illness in 82%, Moderate to Severe Illness in 15%, Critical Illness in 3% and Death in 2.3% cases (15% of admitted serious cases, 71% with comorbidity< Male > Females); affects all ages but Predominantly Males (56%, 87% aged 30-79, 10% Aged < 20, 3% aged > 80); with Variable Incubation Period days (2-14; mean 5.2 days);  Mean Time to Symptoms 5 days;  Mean Time to Pneumonia 9 days, Mean Time to Death 14 days,  Mean Time to CT changes 4 Days, Reproductive Number R0 1.5 to 3  (Flu 1.2 and SARS 2), Epidemic Doubling Time 7.5 days; Origin Possibly from Bats (Mammal); Spreads via Human to Human Transmission via Large and Small Droplets and Surface to Human Transmission via Viruses on Surfaces for up to three days. Enters through MM of eyes, nose or mouth and the spike protein gets attached to the ACE2 receptors.  ACE2 receptors make a great target because they are found in organs throughout our bodies ( heart muscle, CNS, kidneys, blood vessels, liver) Once the virus enters, it turns the cell into a factory, making millions and millions of copies of itself — which can then be breathed or coughed out to infect others.
  3. Prevalence: New York: 13.9%; New York City at 21.2%, S Korea 5.7%, world 5%; Ohio prison: 73% of inmates; New York: 21% mortality April 22 in JAMA.
  4. Viral particles seen in tears, stool, kidneys, liver, pancreas, heart, semen, peritoneal fluid, CSF.
  5. Thrombosis: University of Pennsylvania clots are seen in patients even on blood thinners. Netherlands study, 31%
  6.  Other human beta-coronaviruses has immunity lasting only for one year with no IMMUNITY PASSPORT.
  7.  In absence of interventions, prolonged or intermittent social distancing (till 2022-24)
  8. Low levels of cross immunity from the other beta-coronaviruses against SARS-CoV-2 could make SARS-CoV-2 appear to die out, only to resurge after a few years. Surveillance till 2024.
  9. During peak (trace and treat) and after the peak (trace and treat the close contacts
  10. Increased spread: close environment, crowded place with close physical contacts with no ventilation
  11. Strategies: From community mitigation to individual containment; broader good over individual autonomy; perfect cannot be the enemy of the good; pandemics are fought on the grounds and not the hospitals., Treat the patient and not the test report, Consider every surface and every asymptomatic person as virus carrier
  12. HCW: Direct patient exposure time < 30 minutes; 7 days work and 7 days holidays.
  13. Italy mortality reduced when they were short of ventilators.
  14. Hospital at HOME: CHF, mild pneumonia, exacerbations of asthma and COPD, cellulitis, and urinary tract infections.
  15. Great Imitator (protean manifestation)
  16. IgM can be false positive in pregnancy, immunological diseases); Pooled tests (< 5, 20 Kerala, 64 Singapore RTPCR) when seroprevalence is < 2%
  17. Early treatment, day 3-5, to reduce the viral load and prevent cytokine storm using hydroxy chloroquine with azithromycin or ivermectin with doxycycline with IV remdesivir and IV single dose Tocilizumab interleukin (IL-6 receptor inhibitor) if very high DDimer and IL 6; convalescent plasma therapy ( given early; donor 14 days symptoms free, between day 28-40, single donation can help 4 patients), Lopinavir-ritonavir and Favipiravir ivf very low CD 4 counts).
  18. Hypoxia: Low flow oxygen < 6l/mt, titrated to high flow oxygen using non breathing mask, Venti mask, HFNC and helmet CPAP, NAV in supine or prone position.
  19. Early intubation with prone ventilation only if progressive. Hypoxia (walking dead) have capillary problem and not alveoli.
  20. Formulas [Deaths in symptomatic cases 1; Deaths X 100= expected number of symptomatic cases; Cases after seven days: Cases today x 2 (doubling time 7 days); Cases expected in the community: Number of deaths occurring in a five-day period and estimate the number of infections required to generate these deaths based on a 6.91% case.                                            – 

    KK Aggarwal

    President CMAAO, HCFI and Past National President IMA

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