New Delhi: National Medical Forum organized a Seminar on Use and Misuse of Antibiotics on 12th April at office of National Medical Forum. Following salient points came out of discussion-
- The modern era of antibiotics started with the discovery of penicillin by Sir Alexander Fleming in 1928. Since then, antibiotics have transformed modern medicine and saved millions of lives. Antibiotics were first prescribed to treat serious infections in the 1940s.
- Over the years indiscriminate and reckless use of antibiotics has led to a fast-approaching crisis in form of” Resistance to Antibiotics”. Antibiotics which used to be sufficiently capable to kill organisms causing Diseases like Tuberculosis, typhoid fever, meningitis, pneumonia, and septicemias earlier are no longer effective which a cause of concern . The indiscriminate and reckless use of antibiotics has led to a fast-approaching crisis in the form of Antibiotic resistance.
- Various reasons of overuse of Antibiotics are-
1 Lack of knowledge of treating Doctors including Quacks
2. Excessive pharmaceutical promotion
3. Very short consultation time
4. Lack of diagnostic support services such as laboratory services
5. Economic incentives where prescribers gain
- Overuse of antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance leads to increased mortality, morbidity and increased health-care costs.
- The crisis has assumed serious proportions due to lack of development of new antibiotics agents by pharmaceutical companies to address the challenge.
Speaking on the occasion, Dr.Anil Gomber ,President Associations of Physicians of India(Delhi Chapter) outlined steps needed to contain the problem which are outlined below-
1. Reduce the need for antibiotics through improved water, sanitation, and immunization
2. Improve hospital infection control and antibiotic stewardship
3. Change incentives that encourage antibiotic overuse and misuse to incentives that encourage antibiotics stewardship
4. Reduce and eventually phase out subtherapeutic antibiotic use in agriculture
5. Educate health professionals, policy makers, and the public on sustainable antibiotic use
6. Ensure political commitment to meet the threat of antibiotic resistance
7. Incentivizing and motivating pharmaceutical industry to renew research efforts for developing newer antibiotics
Speaking on the occasion Dr.Prem Aggarwal,President National Medical Forum said that his organization is committed to launch Awareness against Antibiotic Overuse on the pattern of Anti Smoking Campaign. In order to achieve this we intend to create an action group of representatives of all Speciality organisations with representatives of ICMR and WHO to meet, deliberate about the problem and formulate recommendations for containing the problem of Antibiotic abuse. These recommendations shall be shared with members of speciality organizations and other doctors for implementation .