Gender-based discrimination is still prevalent in many parts of our country. Parents mentality still remain the same that a boy will become the bread-earner of the family and will remain with them and support them even after marriage as opposed to the girls and therefore, they prefer to educate him better. Girls are treated as an extra burden and they prefer to save money for their wedding rather than spending on private education. A recent survey shows that in the last four years, Delhi government schools have been 52% female and 48% male, while private schools citywide have been 60% male and 40% female.
In the sub-urban areas of Delhi, it's typical for families to send their girls to government schools and boys to private schools as they think private schools prepare the way for success. The disproportionate number of girls at government schools and boys at private schools reflect a broader sort of inequality. This needs to change but as of now this is the harsh reality of our society. Interviews with different families and experts in the Indian Education System always show that all sorts of difficult financial crunch usually lead to the same conclusion that is gender discrimination in schooling.
Private schools are English-medium and provide better quality education and this is the reason parents send their boys to these schools where there are different teachers for each subjects and are provided with facilities such as computer labs, libraries, smart classes, enough classrooms to fit all the students and classrooms in good condition as they are of the view that providing quality education to their girls won’t be feasible. On the other hand, only 75 out of the 1,009 Delhi government schools have English as their first medium of instruction, according to government data from the 2015-16 school year.
The bitter truth of the society and the concept of ‘private’ schools for boys and ‘sarkaari’ school for girls needs to be changed soon to accelerate India’s growth as compared to other developed nations. We should focus on investing on quality education of girls as it is the lifeline to development. Education is one of the most critical areas of empowerment for women and has a profound effect on girls’ and women’s ability to claim other rights and achieve status in society. If Government schools were also as good as private ones, our girls would have utilized their potential to the fullest and also be able to fill the ever widening gender gap in almost every profession.